Functional Medicine – A Whole Health Approach to Managing High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a prevalent medical condition in the US and UK. It is often managed with conventional medications, which, while effective, can have undesirable side effects. Functional medicine offers a different approach to managing high blood pressure, focusing on lifestyle modifications and holistic healthcare practices.

High blood pressure affects millions of people worldwide and is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular conditions. Conventional medications, such as beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors, are commonly prescribed to help control blood pressure.

However, these medications often come with side effects, such as dizziness, fatigue, and sexual dysfunction. Functional medicine takes a different approach, aiming to address the underlying causes of high blood pressure rather than just managing the symptoms.

Problem with Current Approach: Medications

Medications used to manage hypertension can lead to unwanted side effects.Furthermore, these drugs often treat only the symptoms of hypertension without addressing the underlying causes, which can make long-term management ineffective. For example, a patient may be prescribed a medication that lowers their blood pressure, but if the root cause of their hypertension is not addressed, their blood pressure may remain high or even increase over time.

Additionally, relying solely on medications can create a sense of dependency and limit the individual’s sense of empowerment in managing their own health. Functional medicine takes a more holistic approach, focusing on empowering patients to make lifestyle changes and address the root causes of their high blood pressure.

Functional Medicine: A Different Approach

Functional medicine takes a unique approach to managing high blood pressure by focusing on treating the root causes rather than just the symptoms. Genetics plays a minor role in hypertension cases, making this approach highly effective for the majority of patients. Functional medicine aims to normalize blood pressure levels by addressing factors such as nutritional deficiencies, environmental triggers, and lifestyle habits.

By conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s health history, lifestyle, and environment, Today’s Integrative Health are able to identify potential factors contributing to high blood pressure. This personalized approach allows for targeted interventions that address the specific needs of each individual.

For example, if a patient is found to have a deficiency in certain nutrients, such as magnesium or potassium, Today’s Integrative Health may recommend dietary changes or targeted supplementation to correct the deficiency and support healthy blood pressure levels. Additionally, if environmental triggers, such as exposure to toxins or chronic stress, are identified, strategies to minimize or mitigate these factors may be implemented to help manage high blood pressure.

Overall, functional medicine offers a comprehensive and individualized approach to managing high blood pressure that goes beyond simply prescribing medications. By addressing the root causes of hypertension, functional medicine aims to restore balance and promote long-term health and wellness.

Lifestyle Modifications for Blood Pressure Control

Regular exercise is an effective way to control high blood pressure. It helps to strengthen the heart, reduce stress, and maintain a healthy weight, all of which are beneficial for blood pressure management. Adopting a whole foods, vegetable-based diet low in sugar and sodium is crucial for maintaining healthy blood pressure. Other important lifestyle changes for blood pressure management include not smoking and managing stress. Studies show that simple changes in lifestyle can reduce the risk of heart disease by 90%.

Incorporating physical activity into daily routines can have a significant impact on blood pressure levels. Engaging in activities such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling for at least 30 minutes most days of the week can help lower blood pressure. Regular exercise not only strengthens the heart but also improves blood flow, reduces inflammation, and promotes overall cardiovascular health.

Dietary modifications are also key in managing blood pressure. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help lower blood pressure. These foods are naturally low in sodium and high in potassium, which can help regulate blood pressure levels. Additionally, reducing the intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and foods high in saturated and trans fats can further support blood pressure control.

Quitting smoking is another crucial lifestyle change for blood pressure management. Smoking can raise blood pressure and damage blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. By quitting smoking, individuals can significantly improve their cardiovascular health and lower their blood pressure. Managing stress through practices such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in hobbies and activities that bring joy and relaxation can also have a positive impact on blood pressure.

By implementing these lifestyle modifications, individuals can take an active role in managing their blood pressure and promoting overall health and well-being. These changes, when combined with functional medicine approaches, can have a powerful impact on blood pressure control.

Natural Remedies and Supplements for High Blood Pressure

In addition to lifestyle modifications, there are several natural remedies and supplements that can help lower blood pressure. Psychological and physical practices like relaxation techniques and yoga have shown to reduce blood pressure in individuals with hypertension . Limited evidence suggests that garlic, omega-3 fatty acids, and green tea extract may have small effects in reducing blood pressure.

Other supplements such as Coenzyme Q10, dark chocolate, vitamin D, and melatonin have demonstrated blood pressure-lowering effects. Acupuncture has shown promise in reducing blood pressure, but more research is needed to confirm these findings.

Garlic, a commonly used spice, has been found to have potential blood pressure-lowering effects.Studies have shown that garlic extract supplementation can modestly reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish like salmon and mackerel, have been associated with a decrease in blood pressure. Green tea extract, rich in antioxidants, has also been shown to have a modest impact on blood pressure reduction.

Certain supplements, such as Coenzyme Q10, dark chocolate, vitamin D, and melatonin, have also demonstrated potential benefits for blood pressure management. Coenzyme Q10, an antioxidant found naturally in the body, has been found to have a modest blood pressure-lowering effect.

Dark chocolate, when consumed in moderation, may help lower blood pressure due to its high content of flavanols, which have been shown to have positive effects on blood vessel function. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with high blood pressure, and supplementation may help improve blood pressure levels. Melatonin, a hormone involved in sleep regulation, has shown promise in reducing blood pressure, particularly in individuals with sleep disorders.

While these natural remedies and supplements may have some blood pressure-lowering effects, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplements or making significant changes to one’s diet and lifestyle. Today’s Integrative Health can provide guidance and support in incorporating these natural remedies into a comprehensive treatment plan for managing high blood pressure.

The Power of Functional Medicine: Case Studies and Success Stories

Functional medicine has helped patients reduce or eliminate their reliance on anti-hypertension medications through diet and lifestyle changes. Success stories and case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of addressing the underlying causes of high blood pressure. Nutritional deficiencies, environmental triggers, and lifestyle habits are considered in functional medicine to help normalize blood pressure.

For example, a case study published in the Journal of Functional Medicine reported significant improvements in blood pressure control and overall health in a patient who underwent a functional medicine approach to managing hypertension. The patient was able to reduce their reliance on medications and achieve long-term blood pressure control through dietary changes, stress management techniques, and targeted supplementation to correct nutrient deficiencies.

Another success story involves a patient who had been struggling with high blood pressure for years despite taking multiple medications. After working with Today’s Integrative Health, the patient made significant changes to their diet, incorporating more plant-based foods and reducing their intake of processed foods and added sugars. They also implemented stress-reducing practices, such as yoga and meditation. As a result, their blood pressure gradually decreased, and they were able to reduce their medication dosages under our guidance.

These case studies and success stories highlight the power of functional medicine in managing high blood pressure. By addressing the underlying causes and making targeted lifestyle modifications, individuals can achieve long-term blood pressure control and improve their overall health and well-being.


Functional medicine offers a holistic and empowering approach to managing high blood pressure naturally. By addressing the root causes and making lifestyle modifications, individuals can effectively control their blood pressure. Therefore, it is worth exploring functional medicine and its approach to hypertension management for a healthier lifestyle. With the guidance of Today’s Integrative Health, individuals can take an active role in their health and well-being, leading to long-term blood pressure control and improved overall quality of life.

Work with Today’s Integrative Health

If you’ve been suffering with High blood pressure, call our office. Dr. Leo can help you get to the root cause and develop a treatment plan to start feeling better. Whether you recently had a tick bite and developed symptoms or you’ve been suffering for years, we would welcome the opportunity to help you. Call today on 301-770-6650 or complete the form to schedule your first appointment. We are located at 6321 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852, in the Executive office park. 

Picture of Dr. L. J. Leo

Dr. L. J. Leo

Dr. Leo began his education at the Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine in Blacksburg, Virginia, where he earned his doctorate in osteopathy. He completed his internal medicine residency through the U.S. Army and had the honor of serving multiple overseas tours before retirement.

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